Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

简介

Hetzner是德国老牌主机服务商,成立于1999年,在欧洲名声在外。目前有三个机房,两个位于德国,一个在芬兰的赫尔辛基。主要经营独立服务器、VPS、虚拟主机和储存块,自带200G DDoS防御。Hetzner一大特色就是有独立服务器拍卖系统,独立服务器性价比十分高,另外其VPS也是业界高性价比的存在,在下面会详细介绍。支持信用卡和PayPal付款,不支持支付宝。

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

Hetzner VPS

注册注意事项

Hetzner为了防止滥用,在注册方面卡关比较严,这里分享下个人注册秒过的经验。

  • 不要开任何代理软件
  • 个人信息务必尽量真实,充20欧可以秒过
  • 如果遇到要上传身份证护照这种,拍照背景用Hetzner账号页面做背景,自己的关键信息打码,包括头像
  • 尽量在免税区注册,国内属于免税区
  • 账号内长时间无余额无服务账号会被关闭

 Hetzner

点击上面链接进入官网,注册成功会送20欧元账户余额。信用卡可以自动扣款,PayPal需要每个月自行续费。

创建服务器

注册完毕后需要创建Project,便于管理。

创建好Project后到,在右上角可以看到Add Server字样

  • Location:选择机房位置
  • Image:选择操作系统
  • Type:选择Stadard,1CPU/2G内存/20GB NVME硬盘/1Gbps/20TB流量,后面Dedicated是独用CPU资源,价格比较高
  • Volume:如果想增加硬盘大小可以添加,€0.04/GB/month
  • Network
  • Additional features:想自动备份的可以选下Backups
  • SSH KEY:不添加的话默认会发送密码到邮箱,首次登录需要修改密码
  • Name:自定义名字
  • Create&Buy Now:点击完成创建

创建好后一般要等个5分钟等系统自动装好。
有个悬浮的小锁按钮,可以锁定当前服务器,省得被误操作。

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

管理服务器

进入单个服务器管理界面

  • OVERVIEW:显示VPS配置,流量、本机活动情况,机房位置等
  • GRAPHS:机器使用情况图表显示
  • BACKUPS:有需求可以开启,每月收服务器20%的价钱
  • SNAPSHOTS:添加快照 €0.01/GB/month
  • LOAD BALANCERS:负载均衡,可以就某个机器添加负载均衡,非常棒的功能
  • NETWORKING:可以看到IPv4 IPv6信息,也可以添加IP,€1.00/month
  • VOLUMES:增加硬盘,上限10TB,€0.04/GB/month
  • POWER:电源管理,可以关机,重启
  • RESCUE:可以进入救援模式,这里还可以改root密码
  • ISO IMAGES:添加镜像
  • RESCALE:重新调节配置,例如做外贸站发现插件很多不够用了,增加下CPU和内存
  • REBUILD:重装
  • DELETE:删除服务器,将摧毁一切数据,慎用

服务器性能及线路测试

以此款为例

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

机器信息、读写速度

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

读写速度过硬

国内下载速度

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

端口可以看到是货真价实的G口

ping.pe

19:00测试
丢包数据

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

电信去程路由

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

移动去程路由

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

联通去程路由

Hetzner 德国高性价比外贸建站VPS

回程路由

帝都三网回程路由

Traceroute to China, Beijing CU (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 123.125.99.1 (123.125.99.1), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.70 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.69 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  10.79 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  213.239.208.221  43.82 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.254  10.83 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  154.14.78.153  10.84 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 8  213.200.117.138  11.11 ms  AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt gtt.net
 9  *
10  219.158.20.177  175.72 ms  AS4837  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
11  219.158.98.93  163.76 ms  AS4837  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
12  219.158.8.113  204.83 ms  AS4837  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
13  219.158.8.85  291.84 ms  AS4837  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
14  *
15  219.232.11.142  277.26 ms  AS4808  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
16  61.148.158.106  272.73 ms  AS4808  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
17  61.135.113.154  305.75 ms  AS4808  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
18  *
19  *
20  123.125.99.1  272.76 ms  AS4808  China Beijing ChinaUnicom

Traceroute to China, Beijing CT (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 180.149.128.9 (180.149.128.9), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.82 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.85 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.41  10.63 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  85.10.250.209  10.69 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.252.25  10.79 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  154.14.78.153  10.79 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 8  154.14.32.238  10.81 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 9  202.97.89.249  158.75 ms  AS4134  China Beijing ChinaTelecom
10  129.250.9.154  10.81 ms  AS2914  NTT.COM BACKBONE ntt.com
11  *
12  180.149.159.6  185.76 ms  AS23724  China Beijing ChinaTelecom
13  *
14  *
15  180.149.128.9  159.78 ms  AS23724  China Beijing ChinaTelecom

Traceroute to China, Beijing CM (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 211.136.25.153 (211.136.25.153), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.85 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.61 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  10.55 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  213.239.208.221  11.17 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.245  10.81 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  *
 8  223.120.10.41  10.65 ms  AS58453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt ChinaMobile
 9  *
10  *
11  *
12  221.176.16.213  151.77 ms  AS9808  China Beijing ChinaMobile
13  *
14  *
15  *
16  *
17  *
18  211.136.95.226  146.64 ms  AS56048  China Beijing ChinaMobile
19  *
20  *
21  *
22  211.136.25.153  157.70 ms  AS56048  China Beijing ChinaMobile

魔都三网回程路由

Traceroute to China, Shanghai CU (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 58.247.8.158 (58.247.8.158), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  5.68 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  0.39 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  1.15 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  213.239.208.221  0.73 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.229.162  4.98 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 7  62.115.183.232  1.10 ms  AS1299  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg telia.com
 8  62.115.113.146  4.04 ms  AS1299  TELIA.COM BACKBONE telia.com
 9  62.115.142.205  4.12 ms  AS1299  TELIA.COM BACKBONE telia.com
10  *
11  219.158.14.85  162.63 ms  AS4837  China Henan Zhengzhou ChinaUnicom
12  219.158.103.29  161.25 ms  AS4837  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
13  219.158.5.149  215.32 ms  AS4837  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
14  219.158.8.242  168.45 ms  AS4837  China Shanghai ChinaUnicom
15  *
16  58.247.221.178  215.92 ms  AS17621  China Shanghai ChinaUnicom
17  139.226.225.22  176.61 ms  AS17621  China Shanghai ChinaUnicom
18  58.247.8.153  219.74 ms  AS17621  China Shanghai ChinaUnicom
19  *
20  *
21  *
22  *
23  *
24  *
25  *
26  *
27  *
28  *
29  *
30  *

Traceroute to China, Shanghai CT (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 180.153.28.5 (180.153.28.5), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.76 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.54 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.41  1.37 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  85.10.228.85  6.05 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.252.25  3.91 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  154.14.78.153  4.14 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 8  154.14.32.238  6.19 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 9  129.250.4.99  4.14 ms  AS2914  Germany Hesse Frankfurt ntt.com
10  129.250.9.154  5.88 ms  AS2914  NTT.COM BACKBONE ntt.com
11  *
12  *
13  *
14  101.95.120.77  257.84 ms  AS4812  China Shanghai ChinaTelecom
15  *
16  180.153.28.5  196.68 ms  AS4812  China Shanghai ChinaTelecom

Traceroute to China, Shanghai CM (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 221.183.55.22 (221.183.55.22), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.74 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.85 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.41  54.84 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  85.10.250.209  10.86 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.245  10.83 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  80.81.195.121  21.78 ms  AS52320  Germany Hesse Frankfurt de-cix.net
 8  223.120.10.41  10.79 ms  AS58453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt ChinaMobile
 9  *
10  *
11  221.183.55.22  181.75 ms  AS9808  China Shanghai ChinaMobile

广州三网回程路由

Traceroute to China, Guangzhou CU (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 210.21.4.130 (210.21.4.130), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.78 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.78 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  32.56 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  85.10.250.213  32.82 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.33  21.79 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  195.219.223.8  10.51 ms  AS6453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt tatacommunications.com
 8  *
 9  195.219.50.134  10.76 ms  AS6453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt tatacommunications.com
10  195.219.76.6  240.80 ms  AS6453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt tatacommunications.com
11  219.158.24.217  270.59 ms  AS4837  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
12  219.158.16.69  249.77 ms  AS4837  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
13  219.158.16.81  261.58 ms  AS4837  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
14  219.158.4.169  259.09 ms  AS4837  China Beijing ChinaUnicom
15  *
16  112.96.0.146  183.77 ms  AS17816  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
17  120.80.170.250  185.80 ms  AS17622  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaUnicom
18  *
19  *
20  *
21  *
22  *
23  *
24  *
25  *
26  *
27  *
28  *
29  *
30  *

Traceroute to China, Guangzhou CT (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 113.108.209.1 (113.108.209.1), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.78 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.39 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  10.85 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  213.239.208.221  10.55 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.254  11.10 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  154.14.78.153  10.83 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 8  154.14.32.238  10.59 ms  AS286,AS3257  Germany Hesse Frankfurt interoute.com
 9  202.97.58.37  224.52 ms  AS4134  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaTelecom
10  202.97.12.46  228.98 ms  AS4134  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaTelecom
11  202.97.94.145  244.79 ms  AS4134  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaTelecom
12  113.96.0.89  255.57 ms  AS58466  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaTelecom
13  113.108.209.1  240.59 ms  AS58466  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaTelecom

Traceroute to China, Guangzhou CM (TCP Mode, Max 30 Hop)
============================================================
traceroute to 120.196.212.25 (120.196.212.25), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.31.1.1  10.84 ms  *  LAN Address
 2  195.201.64.147  10.79 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 3  *
 4  85.10.245.45  10.77 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 5  85.10.250.209  10.61 ms  AS24940  Germany Bavaria Nuremberg hetzner.com
 6  213.239.245.33  11.06 ms  AS24940  Germany Hesse Frankfurt hetzner.com
 7  *
 8  223.120.10.41  10.84 ms  AS58453  Germany Hesse Frankfurt ChinaMobile
 9  *
10  *
11  *
12  221.176.24.141  195.82 ms  AS9808  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
13  221.176.22.113  171.81 ms  AS9808  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
14  111.24.5.165  171.03 ms  AS9808  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
15  111.24.5.30  188.84 ms  AS9808  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
16  183.235.226.13  173.69 ms  AS56040  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
17  211.136.208.253  239.79 ms  AS56040  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
18  211.136.196.210  181.20 ms  AS56040  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile
19  *
20  *
21  *
22  120.196.212.25  173.78 ms  AS56040  China Guangdong Guangzhou ChinaMobile

Unix Bench

Benchmark Run: Tue Feb 23 2021 11:57:51 - 12:26:23
1 CPU in system; running 1 parallel copy of tests

Dhrystone 2 using register variables       32145161.6 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Double-Precision Whetstone                     3951.3 MWIPS (9.8 s, 7 samples)
Execl Throughput                               2135.3 lps   (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks        295865.8 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks           82906.0 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks        975458.4 KBps  (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Pipe Throughput                              399152.3 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Pipe-based Context Switching                  93880.2 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)
Process Creation                               7770.2 lps   (30.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                   3619.4 lpm   (60.0 s, 2 samples)
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                    501.2 lpm   (60.1 s, 2 samples)
System Call Overhead                         288148.5 lps   (10.0 s, 7 samples)

System Benchmarks Index Values               BASELINE       RESULT    INDEX
Dhrystone 2 using register variables         116700.0   32145161.6   2754.5
Double-Precision Whetstone                       55.0       3951.3    718.4
Execl Throughput                                 43.0       2135.3    496.6
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks          3960.0     295865.8    747.1
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks            1655.0      82906.0    500.9
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks          5800.0     975458.4   1681.8
Pipe Throughput                               12440.0     399152.3    320.9
Pipe-based Context Switching                   4000.0      93880.2    234.7
Process Creation                                126.0       7770.2    616.7
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent)                     42.4       3619.4    853.6
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent)                      6.0        501.2    835.3
System Call Overhead                          15000.0     288148.5    192.1
                                                                   ========
System Benchmarks Index Score                                         630.3

小结

Hetzner对于国内用户而言,主要缺点在于注册门槛高、线路差,但是如果是做外贸的,劣势就变成了优势。
优点也是显而易见,高性价比,性能齐全,大厂有保障,稳定性高。对于做外贸自建网站的朋友绝对是个不错的选择。

原创文章,作者:Captain,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.ormemo.com/23.html

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Captain
上一篇 01/29/2022
下一篇 01/31/2022

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